How to Properly Clean Smegma in Males?

What is smegma?
It is mainly composed of the secretions of the foreskin gland and the exfoliated epithelium. Under the skin at the junction of the inner surface of the foreskin of the penis and the head of the penis, there are certain sebaceous glands. These glands constantly secrete some light yellow oily substances, which are mixed with some dirt from the skin and contaminated urine. As it builds up, it becomes flakes or small lumps that adhere tightly to the skin in this area. If left untreated, smegma can cause an unpleasant odor or, in some cases, can harden and cause genital inflammation.

Smegma has several distinct characteristics:
Thick, cheese-like consistency
The color is white (maybe darker depending on natural skin tone)
Foul smell

Having a smegma doesn't mean you have an STI or any type of infection. Conversely, smegma in both men and women is affected by personal hygiene.
The fluid in smegma is naturally released by the body every day. They help lubricate your genitals and prevent dry or itchy skin. If these fluids are not rinsed off regularly, they may start to build up.
Irregular or improper cleaning of the genitals can cause fluid to build up and harden. It is important to wash your penis regularly to avoid this buildup.

Smegma is most common in uncircumcised men. An intact foreskin traps bacteria and fluids, which makes smegma easy to form.
Smegma is not dangerous. Previous research has suggested that smegma may lead to penile or cervical cancer, but more conclusive research has established that there is no relationship between smegma and cancer.
Smegma also rarely causes serious complications. If the buildup is not removed or treated, smegma can become very hard. This can cause the foreskin to stick to the penis, which can be painful.
In addition, smegma and hardening can also cause redness, swelling, and inflammation of the penis. This can lead to a condition called balanitis.

How to properly clean smegma?
1. Turn the foreskin over and wash the foreskin coronal sulcus with water. The foreskin should not be overturned too frequently, because the foreskin skin is soft, and excessive friction can cause the foreskin skin to break.
2. If the foreskin is too long, such as forcibly turned up and cannot be reset, it can cause foreskin incarceration, which may cause glans necrosis. It is necessary to seek help from the doctor immediately.
3. To clean the smegma, the foreskin must first be turned up to reach the coronal sulcus. If the adhesion is serious and cannot be turned over, it is necessary to go to the hospital to separate with a ball-tip probe until the foreskin is completely turned over, expose the glans and frenulum, peel off the smegma or stones, and then rinse with normal saline.
4. When cleaning smegma, since the inner plate of the foreskin is thinner and moister than the outer plate, it is more sensitive to chemical cleaning agents, so you can't use harsh detergents, just rinse with water. Mild soaps and shower gels can also be used.
5. For patients with balanitis, the foreskin should be turned up when cleaning the foreskin of the penis, washed with 1:5000 potassium permanganate solution, and then applied with antibiotic ointment.
6. Repeat this cleaning step every day until the smegma disappears.
7. It is important to avoid scratching the smegma with sharp utensils or cotton swabs. This may cause other irritations.
8. If the smegma does not improve after a week of proper cleaning, or if it gets worse, see your doctor.

How can males prevent smegma?
1. The best way to prevent smegma is the same as the way to treat smegma: wash it off.
2. Men should clean their genitals at least twice a week. This includes washing the area around the penis with mild soap and warm water. Rinse well to prevent soap irritation.
3. During each shower, a quick wash and rinse help prevent buildup. This is especially true if your work makes you sweat a lot, or if you do a lot of sweaty workouts.
4, good personal hygiene habits can prevent smegma.
See your doctor if you frequently have excessive smegma buildup despite good personal hygiene, or if you notice other changes in your genitals, including inflammation, pain, or abnormal vaginal discharge.

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